Over view section page: xvi
"The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) which raises crop yield while reducing water, chemical fertilizer and pesticide usage through simple changes in the times when and the means by which rice seeds are transplanted and irrigated."
Innovation in agriculture (Page 84)
"The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Rice is the single most important staple of the poor, especially in Asia. Under current practices of the continuous flooding of fields and the heavy use of inorganic fertilizers, rice production is one of the main sources of methane gas emissions and one of the main causes of the contamination of land and water. It is estimated that 24-30 per cent of the freshwater utilized worldwide is for the production of rice.

With support from Africare, Oxfam America, the WWF-ICRISAT Project and the World Bank, an innovation known as the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has been successfully tested in 40 countries with impressive results. With simple changes in the management of crops entailing transplantation into non-flooded fields of fewer seeds at a younger age and with wider spaces between them, in addition to broader use of organic fertilizers and integrated pest control management, crops become more resistant to climate variations, pests and diseases. Depending on local conditions, yields may increase by up to 50 per cent. Water savings have ranged between 25 and 50 per cent; input cost savings per hectare are estimated to be 23 per cent, due mainly to the use of fewer agrochemicals; and farmers’ incomes have increased substantially.

According to Brooks and Loevinsohn (2011, p. 11): “In India, which appears to have the largest area under SRI, ‘learning alliances’ have been formed that exchange experiences and take the lead in interactions with government … (especially at local level) … notably in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Tripura.” However, the involvement of formal research institutions has been more marginal, with some positive experiences in China and Indonesia. The Governments of Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia and Viet Nam have endorsed these innovations and included
them as part of their national strategies for food security (Africare, Oxfam America and WWF-ICRISAT Project, 2010, p. 3)."
Local innovation in sustainable agriculture (Page 86)
Local farmers and communities have shown great capacity to innovate in response to weather and other shocks. There are thousands of successful experiences of localized enhanced pest and weed management, water efficiency and biodiversity, including stories of highly successful innovation in the most challenging circumstances characterized by a poor natural resource base and widespread poverty (World Bank, 2007a, 2008c; Thapa and Broomhead, 2010; Spielman and Pandya-Lorch, 2009; Africare, Oxfam America and WWF-ICRISAT Project, 2010; Pretty and others, 2006).
Bibliography (Page 187)
Africare, Oxfam America and WWF-ICRISAT Project (2010). More rice for people, more water for the planet. Hyderabad, India.

>> Click here to view Pdf

    © 2011 AgSri All rights reserved.  Login | Sitemap | Disclaimer